Plastics cover a broad field of organic synthetic resin and may be divided into two main classifications - aerospace thermoplastics _ and aerospace thermosetting plastics. Thermoplastics may be softened by heat and can be dissolved in various organic solvents.
Thermoplastics may be softened by heat and can be dissolved in various organic solvents. Two kinds of transparent thermoplastic materials are commonly employed in windows, canopies, etc. These are known as acrylic plastics and cellulose acetate plastics. Cellulose acetate was used in the past but since it is dimensionally unstable and turns yellow after it has been installed for a time, it has just about passed from the scene and is not considered an acceptable substitute for acrylic. Acrylic plastics are known by the trade names of Lucite or Plexiglas and by the British as Perspex and meet the military specifications of MIL-P-5425 for regular acrylic, MIL-P-8184 -~ 184 for craze-resistant acrylic.
Aerospace Thermosetting Plastics.
Thermosetting plastics do not soften appreciably under heat but may char and blister at temperatures of 240 to 260 'C (400 to 500 °F). Most of the moulded products of synthetic resin composition, such as phenolic, urea-formaldehyde, and melamine formaldehyde resins, belong to the thermosetting group. Once the plastic becomes hard, additional heat will not change it back into a liquid as it would with a thermoplastic.
Storage and handling.
Because transparent thermoplastic sheets soften and deform when they are heated, they must be where the temperature will never be excessive.
Transparent acrylic plastics get soft and pliable when they are heated to their forming temperatures and can be formed to almost any shape. When they cool, they retain the shape to which they were formed. Acrylic plastic may be cold-bent into a single curvature if the material is thin and the bending radius is at least 180 times the thickness of the sheet. Cold bending beyond these limits will impose so much stress on the surface of the plastic that tiny fissures or cracks, called crazing, will form.
Simple Curve Forming. Heat the plastic material to the recommended temperature, remove it from the heat source, and carefully drape it over the prepared form. Carefully press the hot plastic to the form and either hold or clamp the sheet in place until it cools. This process may take from ten minutes to one-half hour. Do not force-cool it.
This type of forming is normally used for such parts as canopies or complex wingtip light covers, and it requires a great deal of specialized equipment. There are four commonly used methods, each having its advantages and disadvantages.
Stretch forming. Preheated acrylic sheets are stretched mechanically over the form in much the same way as is done with the simple curved piece. Special care must be taken to preserve uniform thickness of the material, since some parts will have to stretch more than others.
Male And Female Die Forming. This requires expensive matching male and female dies. The heated plastic sheet is placed between the dies which are then mated. When the plastic cools, the dies are opened.
Aerospace Vacuum Forming Without Forms. Many aircraft canopies are formed by this method. In this process a clamp with an opening of the desired shape is placed over a vacuum box and the heated sheet of plastic is clamped in place. When the air in the box is evacuated, the outside air pressure will force the hot plastic through the opening and form the concave canopy. It is the surface tension of the plastic that shapes the canopy.
Aerospace Vacuum Forming With A Female Form. If the shape needed is other than that which would be formed by surface tension, a female mould, or form must be used. It is placed below the plastic sheet and the vacuum pump is connected. When air from the form is evacuated, the outside air pressure will force the hot plastic sheet into the mould and fill it.
Plastic Sheeting is the result of plastic extrusion. This is formed by means of a high range manufacturing process - melting and deforming a raw plastic that results to permanent file of plastic sheets.
The ranges of plastic products are compatible for the construction and engineering substances. Display sheets, prints, and signs have diverted into plastic sheeting. Special designs in fabrication of plastic sheets are in extensive service globally. These plastic products have different kinds of classification from window frames to outdoor roofing applications.
Plastic sheeting is the best alternative for the more expensive steel.
There are many types of plastic sheeting. The Acrylic Plastic Sheet combines the most reliable quality for the visor or helmet. It has the most precise optical clearness. The intensity of the color of this product combines a good illumination in a wide range of opaque colors, transparent and translucent.
You can create a design depending on your project because acrylic is easy to shape. It is blended well with tough hardness and finish surface and is resilient to chemical and weather. It is easy to clean and maintain. It is largely utilized for aquariums or tanks at homes or commercial establishments. Acrylic plastic is also best for exterior lenses of automobile lights and appropriate watcher protector.
The Plastic Aluminum Composite Sheet catches the ultimate color of red, blue, green, yellow, metallic, black and white. This generous selection of colors grabs the eye of customers. These are lightweight, making it perfect for loading. It is also rust-proof and weather-proof. The material in aluminum plastic sheet is considered as first class thermal insulation. It has the best proven properties of light polythene core and varnish of baked aluminum polyester. It is ideal for all around indoor and outdoor purposes.
Plastic Aluminum Composite Sheet is recommended to use as panels for canopy and ceiling, display boards and billiards, stand for exhibitions and showrooms, copings for parapet walls, covers for column, wraps for beam, parts for furniture, elevators and stairways, panels for partition, and cladding canopy and balcony
The Polycarbonate Plastic Sheeting is the most natural among all plastic products. It comprises of clear and translucent quality and is heat resistant up to 145 degrees. It is unaffected by acids and water substances. These types of plastic sheeting are best for electronic application such as conduction of electrical properties.
The polycarbonate sheets are stabilized in advanced engineering practice to meet the reinforced shape, a great advantage for those who want to fabricate their own forms of design. Polycarbonate plastic sheeting substance has the best dimensional stability suitable for food exposure. It has the advantage of having superior resistance against heat and temperature and has massive mechanical potency. It also provides high endurance and strength compared to glass.
Polycarbonate plastic sheets are suitable for insulating electrical parts. It can be used also in components for medical and pharmaceutical apparatus, for glazing task, and tough materials for electrical engineers.
Polypropylene Plastic Sheets come in natural, beige, grey, black and white. It possesses superb resistance to solvents and degreasing substance as well as in the attack of electrolytic. The polypropylene Sheets are preferred for all applications exposed to cold state. It is lightweight, easy to form, bendable and welded.
These are used mainly in packaging purposes, cassette holder, pipes, tanks and linings, shells for seats and other automotive parts, containers and fibers.